One of the easiest fruits to grow, pineapple guava gets its name from the flavor of the fragrant fruit. It is ideal for small spaces because its a small tree that doesn’t need a second tree for pollination. Find out more about growing pineapple guava in this article.
What is a Feijoa Tree?
Pineapple guava (Feijoa sellowiana) is an attractive, evergreen tree or shrub with many landscape uses. It is ideal for warm, western climates and well suited to home gardens. The plant grows 12 to 15 feet tall and wide. The edible flowers bloom in May, followed in late summer or fall by sweet, fragrant, reddish fruit that drops to the ground when ripe.
Feijoa fruit trees and shrubs look best when they are when you prune them lightly. Clipping them into a formal shrub destroys their natural shape and reduces the fruit yield. It’s best to remove side branches that are less than one foot off the ground. If you want to grow the plant as a tree rather than a shrub, remove the lower branches up to one-third of the tree’s height over a period of several years.
Feijoa Growing Conditions
Gardeners in warm, western climates will love growing pineapple guava for its delightful fragrance, attractive flowers and tasty fruit. The tree is very easy to care for and requires very little pruning.
Although it is considered hardy in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 8 through 11, it can’t tolerate the high humidity of the Southeast. It withstands winter temperatures as low as 12 degrees Fahrenheit (-11 C.). In fact, the fruit tastes better when the tree is exposed to some freezing temperatures.
Feijoa pineapple guava performs well in full sun or partial shade. It prefers rich, organic, well-drained soil with an acid or slightly alkaline pH. When the pH is too high, the leaves turn yellow.Newly planted and young trees need weekly watering in the absence of rain. As the tree matures, its drought tolerance increases.
Pineapple guava needs light fertilization every other month in most soils. Use about half the recommended amount of 8-8-8 fertilizer for the size of the tree. Scratch it into the surface of the soil and water deeply to distribute the fertilizer.
You’ll find plenty of uses for pineapple guava. It makes a dense informal hedge or screen that needs very little pruning. Use it as a container or specimen plant on patios and other places where you can enjoy the intense fragrance of the fruit. The plant provides cover for wildlife, and the flowers attract hummingbirds. Space the shrubs five feet apart for a barrier hedge and three feet apart for a foundation planting.
Feijoa nutrition facts
Feijoa, also known as pineapple guava, is a delicious fruit of South-American origin. The fruit as well as its products are widely popular in Brazil, Argentina, Bolivia in South America and New Zealand in the Oceania. Botanically, it is a small tree or a shrub in the family of Myrtaceae. Guava and allspice are other closely related plants in the Myrtaceae family.
Health benefits of feijoa fruit
- Feijoas are low in calories; 100 g of fresh fruit holds only 55 calories. Nonetheless, they are low fat, cholesterol-free fruits loaded with vitamins, and antioxidants that assure you a healthy state of wellbeing, free from illnesses.
- The fruit is very rich source of soluble dietary fiber (6.4 g per 100 g of fruit, about 17% of DRA), which makes it a good bulk laxative. The fiber content helps protect the colon mucous membrane by decreasing exposure time to toxins as well as binding to cancer-causing chemicals in the colon.
- Feijoa fruit is a good source of antioxidant vitamin-C. 100 g fresh fruit provides 32.9 mg of this vitamin, about 55% of DRI (daily-recommended intake). Vitamin C is a water-soluble antioxidant that works well against viral illness through immune-boosting means. Regular consumption of fruits rich in vitamin C helps the human body develop resistance against infectious agents and scavenge cancer causing harmful free radicals from the body.
- Feijoa contains small proportions B-complex vitamins such as pantothenic acid, niacin, vitamin-B6 (pyridoxine), and vitamin E and K, as well as minerals like calcium, magnesium, copper, and manganese.